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Reef Life's OCEAN Coral Mineral Matrix: Textures & Surfaces

Marine Cell Structure Substrates

Biocompatible surface textures on engineered reef structures use coral mineral matrix substrate ingredients:      Calcium Mineral Content: Apatite, Biotite, Calcite, Feldspar, Hematite, Hornblade, Ilmenite, Limestone, Magnetite, Olivine, Pyroxene, Quartz, Silica. Calcium carbonate, CaCO3.
Aragonite, vaterite and magnesium dolomite are perfect agents for when coral spawn lands on the textured surfaces which protect eggs within natural mineral compounds.
Scoria is a volcanic igneous rock. Also referred to as scoriaceous basalt, a term commonly used to indicate a basaltic pumice. Many deep sea corals grow strong and thrive on volcanic deposits which provide vitamin vitality.
Reef Life scientists use these as specific growth catalysts, mimicking the complexity and biodiverse compounds of natural coral reefs, perfect for farmed coral outplanting.

Coral Mineral Marine Cells

from Reef Life Restoration 

Coral Can grow upon a reef substrate which is architecturally correct as well.
Many of our clients from resorts to Island owners want a dive reef which is beautiful, in a marine eco-resiliant stone which enhances the dive experience, AND the marine region in which it is placed. As we have been in the architectural casting business for over 20 years, our experience brings perfection to the "Art Gallery Dive Reef" Link
Please see our Eco- Construction site:

The vision of this project is to deploy these smart substrates on reefs worldwide and use these technologies to protect and recover global coral populations.  Many ocean scientists feel that entire reef populations will have to migrate to cooler waters, such as the Great Barrier Reef, where there are no structures to receive them. These can be cast in MASSIVE scale for new coral habitats and complete migration systems covering mile after mile of territory.

Reef Life Restoration: Rebuilding the Ocean’s Bone Structure

What makes Reef Life Marine Growth Matrix different than regular Portland cement?


Many different proprietary mixtures essentially consisting of small, diverse cements and 70%++ customized minerals in a thick matrix which holds the large aggregates of high calcium limestone, and volcanic rocks that corals intuitively are attracted to. These specific pozzolanic rocks/minerals/silicas/calcite carbonates dictate the surface layer texture and species growth application of each coral growth site.


It is also very important to be able to match substrate pH with the surrounding aqueous environment pH for ideal coral growth conditions. Unlike Portland cement, customizable materials mixtures give a handle on pH control which allows for pH matching to local environment, giving tailored coral growth environments. With our substrates, we can precisely control surfaces of the cements exposed to the marine life which can have controlled parameters. 


The substrate mix design (e.g. binding materials, composition) and interface design (e.g. pH matching with the surrounding environment) are equally important for coral growth applications, and both are customizable here. Most importantly, these mixtures are uniquely customized for marine growth conditions. For example, aragonite is not ever found in Portland cement, and plays a crucial role in our marine growth substrates for a wide range of applications including selective “good” algae growth.


How will Reef Life customize these particular coral growth substrates?


Blocks that assemble like LEGOs into larger growth substrates.  Each side of the block can be customized for a particular coral growth function (e.g. one side is raw exposed aggregate specifically customized for coral spawn capture, one side is a smooth ceramic-type surface customized for coral microfragmentation). 

Specifically, on the exposed aggregate side of the substrate, microscopic holes and small cavities and pockets within the substrates can serve as polyp spawning grounds (like a baby coral day care center). Surface embedded layers on a separate side of the block can help start the growth of larger (several centimeter) transplanted corals (e.g. staghorn, elkhorn, or other farm corals) to grow on the substrate. A separate side of the substrate is tailored specifically for microfragmentation, and will incorporate smooth ceramic tiles that the microfragments (live coral fragments < 1 cm2) s­eek out for extremely fast growth.

Each specific topography and interface can be customized for specific coral applications, and different substrates and interfaces grow different corals.

Reef Life Foundation supports coral science research globally as well as divers planting corals. With the Gift A Reef Campaignevery purchase or donation goes to support coral reef conservation beginning with The Nature Foundation SXM in Sint Maarten.

© Reef Life Restoration, LLC 2020

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